Picardy Sheepdog

Picardy Sheepdog

Picardy Shepherd olarak da bilinen Berger Picard, en eski ve en popüler Fransız köpek ırklarından biridir. Bu orta boy, kaslı köpek yaklaşık 50 ila 70 libre ağırlığındadır ve yaklaşık 20 ila 27 inç yüksekliğe kadar büyüyebilir. Kulaklarının yüksekliği doğal olarak dik ve tabanda oldukça geniştir. Şaşırtıcı derecede kalın kaşları, güzel koyu gözleri kopatmaz. Kuyruk, diz içine ulaşır ve ucu biraz yukarı doğru eğir. Kalın, su geçirmez kürk dokunuş açısından nettir ve gri kırmızı, siyah vurgulu gri ve çeşitli gölge varyasyonları olan brindle gibi çeşitli renklerde gelir.


Believed to be the oldest of the French sheepdogs, the Berger Picard was brought to Pas de Calais and Picardy, France, by the Franks in the 19th century. It derives its name from the Picardy region in north-eastern France. Some dog experts insist that the breed is related to the Beauceron and Briad while others believe that it shares a common origin with the Belgian Shepherd and the Dutch Shepherd.

After the First World War and the Second World War, this breed's population reduced at an alarming rate, explaining why it is still rare up to date. In Germany, there are approximately 300 dogs of this breed while in France, they are approximately 3,000. This dog was officially recognised by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in the year 1994.


Intelligence, alertness, willfulness, and stubbornness are some of this dog's unique personalities. It is also loyal to its owner and loves hanging around members of the family. It is weary of strangers and barks a lot when excited.

Health Problems

Due to lack of over breeding, the Berger Picard is generally healthy and is capable of living up to a maximum of 15 years. However, it can still be attacked by hip dysplasia and patellar luxation. It should also be checked for hereditary eye problems such as retina dysplasia (RD) and progressive retina atrophy (PRA).

Training and Exercise

To bring up a Picard and prepare it well for its future life, you have to train and socialise it in the best way possible. Unlike other types of dogs, this dog is not easy to train. If it realises that you are weak minded and not displaying a natural authority, it becomes stubborn and loses interest in learning anything from you. It is also sensitive to the voice, so being unnecessarily harsh and loud cannot take you anywhere with it.

While training this dog, you need to be patient, confident, but firm and consistent. You have to make your rules clear and stick to them. Also, give the dog the best possible start in the society by socialising it with children, strangers, and other dogs. If raised with other pets such as rabbits, geese, and cats, it lives well with them without any problem.

Another important thing that this dog needs is exercise. It loves long daily walks and jogging. You can also engage it in dog biking and sports such as tennis, swimming, Frisbee, football, and herding events.


Despite being suited for living outdoors, the Berger Picard does surprisingly well indoors so long as it gets enough space to roam around. It also requires a lot of attention and does not like to be left alone for long.


The Berger Picard requires little maintenance. Its waterproof coat should only be brushed or combed once or twice a month. It is not advisable to bathe the dog as this might interfere with the coat texture.

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